Although an abnormal pap smear can cause concern, it does not necessarily mean your doctor has identified cervical cancer. The test results typically indicate cell changes resulting from the papillomavirus (HPV).
Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance (ASCUS)
Squamous cells are sometimes detected on the surface of the cervix, and these cells may be abnormal. If HPV is found, it will prompt your doctor to carry out further tests. If HPV is not found, the presence of squamous cells does not warrant immediate further testing.
Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion
Potentially pre-cancerous cells, known as squamous intraepithelial lesions, are referred to as low-grade or high-grade. The former may not progress to cancer for several years, whereas the latter can be cause for concern, and your doctor will order further tests.
Atypical Glandular Cells
If, after a pap smear, atypical glandular cells are found, your doctor will order further tests to determine whether there is any cancer present. Squamous cells or adenocarcinoma cells are the most likely to indicate cancer, prompting your doctor to conduct a biopsy and colposcopy.
Family Diagnostic Clinic
If you are concerned about cervical cancer but have not had a recent pap smear, reach out to Family Diagnostic Clinic to book an appointment. Early intervention is crucial when it comes to providing effective treatment options for cervical cancer.
Call our offices today to speak to a caring and understanding medical professional in Tomball or Houston. We provide excellence in preventative care, including pap smear tests at both of our state-of-the-art clinics in Texas.