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Your face is like a reflection of your physical health. It’s more visible, more sensitive, and, let’s be honest, it can be a bit of a drama queen when something’s not right. Facial psoriasis can show up on your forehead, cheeks, and even around your eyes and mouth.

Redness, dryness, and those telltale silvery-white scales are the symptoms of it. A skin biopsy can rule out the right cause for you.

Causes of Facial Psoriasis

Facial psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition where the immune system mistakenly stimulates the fast growth of skin cells. The exact cause of it is not easy to rule out. The following are some causes to develop an understanding.

  1. Genetics
    Like most of the hair and skin qualities and issues, genetics plays a huge role here as well. If you have a family history of psoriasis, you can be more prone to developing the condition.
  2. Immune System Dysfunction
    Psoriasis is considered an autoimmune disorder where the immune system becomes overactive and attacks healthy skin cells. This triggers an accelerated production of skin cells. Therefore, a symptom of psoriasis is seen.
  3. Environmental Triggers
    Certain environmental factors such as stress, infections, and injuries can boost psoriasis symptoms. Injuries to the skin can be the main culprit.
  4. Inflammatory Response
    Psoriasis evokes an inflammatory response inside the body. This inflammation can affect the skin, joints, and other organs. In the case of facial psoriasis, the inflammation is reflected on the face.
  5. Medications
    Some medications can worsen psoriasis symptoms. These involve specific antimalarial drugs, lithium, beta-blockers, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
  6. Hormonal Changes
    Our body goes through various hormonal changes during our lifetime. Such as puberty, pregnancy, or menopause. Hormonal fluctuations in these phases can elevate the symptoms of psoriasis.
  7. Lifestyle Factors
    Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and obesity are some unhealthy lifestyle habits. They can make your psoriasis more severe.
  8. Psychological Factors
    Stress affects the skin. It can flare up various skin conditions like acne, psoriasis is no exception. Emotional stress, anxiety, and depression can impact the immune system and cause psoriasis growth.
  9. Weather Conditions
    Weather changes, especially cold and dry ones flare up psoriasis. While exposure to sunlight might cause a negative or positive impact on psoriasis.

Face Psoriasis Treatment

Facial psoriasis is a chronic condition. It is better to get a skin biopsy performed to figure out the exact cause of it. Following are some treatments:

  • Topical Treatments
    Topical medications such as corticosteroids and Tacrolimus are used to treat redness and inflammation. However, use them under medical guidance as they can cause skin thinning.
  • Moisturizers
    Using fragrance-free moisturizers can help soothe and hydrate the skin. They reduce dryness and flakiness associated with psoriasis.
  • Avoid Triggers
    Identify and avoid factors that can boost your psoriasis symptoms. This can include stress, certain foods, and environmental factors.
  • Phototherapy (Light Therapy)
    Controlled exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) or psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) light under medical supervision can be effective in managing psoriasis.
  • Oral Medications
    In severe cases, oral medications like systemic retinoids, methotrexate, or cyclosporine are prescribed. But these are to be used under medical supervision.

Final Word

Chronic conditions like facial psoriasis are easier to control if diagnosed earlier. Just like giving up on addictions before they become a die-hard habit. Early signs of psoriasis can be diagnosed via skin biopsy.

Contact Dr. Mohammad Irfan at the Family Diagnostic Clinic. Our internal medicine expert will not only diagnose but help you control your chronic or acute conditions. Call us at (281) 351-6800 to schedule an appointment.

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